How to keep Malaria and H1N1 at bay ?

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By: Dr Sanjay Rao

In one of the previous articles Dr Sanjay Rao, Consultant, Internal Medicine, Columbia Asia Hospital, Hebbal has listed out the precautionary steps to keep Chikungunya and Dengue at bay. Here in this piece, he lists out what measures one need to take to stay safe from deadly Malaria and H1N1.

Precaution Tips for Malaria

Malaria is caused by a parasite called Plasmodium. The parasite is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected female Anopheles species mosquitoes. It is most prevalent in countries that have tropical climate like India.  Malaria is accompanied with fever, excessive seating, muscle and joint pain, headache and feeling cold.

  1. Use insect and mosquito repellents on exposed skin.
  2. Wear clothes with long sleeves, especially children.
  3. Keep minimal skin exposed and wear socks with shoes as much as possible.
  4. Nets and screens on your doors and windows. Make use of mosquito net for sleeping at night.
  5. Burn mosquito coils at strategic places inside the house.
  6. Wash cloths or spray bedding and bed netting with permethrin.

Precaution Tips for Swine Flu (H1N1)

The Swine Flu is on the rise with many cases being reported from different parts of the country. Here are some precaution tips that must be taken in order to avoid contracting the influenza:

  1. Cover up your mouth and nose while sneezing.
  2. Use disposable tissue paper or napkin instead of a handkerchief if you catch a cold and dispose of the tissue in dustbin after use.
  3. Wash both your hands with soap as often as possible to avoid infection. Use hand sanitizers to prevent spread of germs through your hands.
  4. Avoid close contact as much as possible with people with swine flu. Try to maintain a distance of at least 6-10 feet to avoid transmission.
  5. If a family member is suffering from swine flu, try and clean the surfaces frequently to prevent it from spreading.
  6. Maintain healthy habits like getting enough sleep, exercise, drinking ample fluids and eating well.

 

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