By: Dr Sanjay Rao
With the heavy downpour in the city for the past few days, it is not an ideal time for Bangaloreans to seat back and enjoy the weather. City hospitals in the past two weeks are seeing several cases of chikungunya, dengue, and swine flu.
It is important now to know the precautionary tips of these diseases and to stay safe this monsoon. Dr Sanjay Rao, Consultant, Internal medicine, Columbia Asia Hospital, Hebbal, elaborates the precautionary measures to stay safe this monsoon, as follows:
Precaution Tips for Chikungunya
Chikungunya is a viral disease which is transmitted to human beings by bite of infected Aedes Aegypti mosquitoes. Chikungunya is accompanied with very bad joint pain, swelling of joints, muscular pain, severe headache, rash and fever.
With the full monsoon season going on, the following precautions should be taken:
- Use insect and mosquito repellents on exposed skin.
- Do not let water collect in areas in and around your house. Aedes mosquito often breeds in collected and stagnant water.
- No holes around overhead tanks should be left open and out. Draining the tank at regular intervals to prevent mosquitoes from breeding will also help in prevention.
- Wear clothes with long sleeves, especially children as they are more susceptible to acquire infection faster. Keep skin minimally exposed. Protecting feet with socks and shoes will also help.
- Put nets and screens on your doors and windows. Make use of mosquito net for sleeping at night.
- Burn mosquito coils at strategic places inside the house.
Precaution Tips for Dengue
Dengue fever is caused by dengue virus and is accompanied with symptoms like high fever, vomiting, pain in the abdomen, headache, severe joint pains, skin rashes, etc. With the monsoon season on full swing, the following precautions must be taken for prevention of the disease:
- Cleaning of desert coolers and water storage tanks should be done on regular basis, at least once in a week.
- Dengue spreads because of mosquitoes. To prevent mosquito breeding, 2 tea spoons of kerosene or petrol can be put into 100 liters of stagnant water.
- Mosquito net and repellant should be used to avoid mosquito breeding and bites.
- Do away with items such as tyres, broken pots, which may the source of collecting of water.
- Use screens and nets on doors and windows to prevent entry of mosquito inside the room.
- Children should not be allowed to play outdoors in shorts and half-sleeves.
- To control mosquito, use aerosol and liquid spray.
- Water in the flower vase should be changed every alternate day.
(Keep watching the space in his next article, Dr Sanjay Rao will list out tips to be safe from deadly Malaria and H1N1)